As Information Distribution Changes, So Too Do Exchange Standards
As information has increasingly moved to digital distribution forms, the ability for machines to interact seamlessly is a critical component of providing content to patrons. Regardless of the system or purpose, be it the need for digital systems to communicate content, metadata for discovery, or usage data for assessment, the most critical element of that exchange is standards. Standards exist for creating digital content, for how information is purchased and distributed, for how the library manages its access and controls content distribution, and for how that content is used. Standards provide the critical infrastructure elements that allow the seamless exchange and delivery of digital content. Understanding how these infrastructure elements are developed and interact is an increasingly vital part of every librarian's responsibility.
This session will cover a variety of information exchange systems and the movements toward standardization that will help address those challenges:
- An introduction to international standards for information distribution (Todd Carpenter)
- The exchange of metadata (Tim Devenport, EDITEUR)
- Linked data and the transformation of bibliographic data (Eric Miller, Zephera)
- Future improvements in library management and information discovery systems (Todd Carpenter).
Todd Carpenter is Executive Director of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO), a non-profit industry trade association that fosters the development and maintenance of standards that facilitate the creation, persistent management, and effective interchange of information used in publishing, research, and learning. Throughout his career, Todd has served in a variety of roles with organizations that connected the publisher and library communities. Prior to joining NISO, Todd had been Director of Business Development with BioOne. He has also held management positions at The Johns Hopkins University Press, the Energy Intelligence Group, and The Haworth Press.
Eric Miller is co-founder and president of Zepheira which provides solutions to effectively integrate, navigate and manage information across boundaries of person, group and enterprise. Dr. Miller serves as an adviser to businesses and other organizations, and as speaker at conferences worldwide providing insights on the evolution of the Web. Until 2007, Eric led the Semantic Web Initiative for the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at MIT. During his work at the W3C, Eric’s responsibilities included the architectural and technical leadership in the design and evolution of the Semantic Web. Responsibilities also included working with W3C members to develop global Web standards and conventions that support Semantic Web requirements and to establish liaison with other technical standards bodies and related industries to ensure compliance with existing Semantic Web standards and collect requirements for future W3C work in this area.
Eric served as a Research Scientist at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory where he was a Principal Investigator on the MIT SIMILE project. He focused on developing open source tools based on Semantic Web technologies that improve access and reuse of digital resources. Previously, Eric was a Senior Research Scientist at OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. in Dublin, Ohio and the co-founder and Associate Director of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, an open forum engaged in the development of interoperable online metadata standards that support a broad range of purposes and business models.
Lead Consultant to ICEDIS, EDItEUR and an independent business consultant and project manager in the serials publishing sector, and has provided expert help to EDItEUR for many years. He joined EDItEUR in 2011. He has worked with many of the major academic and business publishers, including Nature Publishing Group, Palgrave Macmillan, Thomson and Elsevier. Tim's professional interests span two main areas – in the standards arena, he works to help international and cross-industry bodies like EDItEUR and ICEDIS to develop frameworks that allow for automated and effective information and transactional exchange. Within publishing operations, he provides publishing clients with expertise in business analysis and the management of complex projects, typically spanning a number of functional areas and the implementation or migration of business systems for fulfilment, content hosting and e-commerce.